While computers have become an significant part the lives of human beings, there was a time where computers did not exist. Knowing the history of computers and how much progress has been made can help you understand exactly how complicated and innovative the creation of computers really is.Unlike most devices, the computer is one of the few inventions that does not have one specific inventor. Throughout the progression of the computer, a lot of people have added their creations to the list required to create a computer work. A few of the inventions have been different kinds of computers, and some of them were parts required to permit computers to be developed further.The Beginning Perhaps the most significant date in the history of computers is the year 1936. It was in this season that the first”computer” was developed. This computer stands as the first as it was the first system to be fully programmable. There were devices before this, but none had the computing power that sets it apart from other electronic equipment.It was only in 1942 that any business saw profit and opportunity in computers. This first company was called ABC computers, owned and operated by John Atanasoff and Clifford Berry.
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2 decades later, the Harvard Mark I computer was developed, furthering the science of computing.Over the course of the next few years, inventors all over the world began to research more into the study of computers, and also the best way to improve upon them. Those next ten years say the introduction of the transistor, which might eventually become a very important portion of the inner workings of the computer, the ENIAC 1 computer, as well as many different kinds of systems. The ENIAC 1 is perhaps among the most interesting, as it required 20,000 vacuum tubes to operate. It was a massive machine, and started the revolution to build smaller and faster computers.The age of computers was forever altered by the introduction of International Business Machines, or IBM, into the computing industry in 1953. This company, over the course of computer history, has been a major player in the evolution of new systems and servers for public and private use. Their first contribution was the IBM 701 EDPM Computer.A Programming Language EvolvesA year after, the first successful high level programming language was made. This was a programming language not written in’assembly’ or binary, which are considered very low level languages. FORTRAN was written so that more people could start to program computers easily. The MICR, or Magnetic Ink Character Recognition, coupled with the actual computer, the ERMA, was a breakthrough for the banking industry. It was only in 1959 that the pair of systems were put to use in actual banks.During 1958, among the most important breakthroughs in computer history occurred, the creation of the integrated circuit. This device, also known as the chip, is one of the foundation requirements for modern computer systems. On every motherboard and card within a computer system, are many chips that contain information about which the boards and cards do. Without these chips, the systems as we know them today can’t function.Gaming, Mice, & the InternetFor most computer users now, games are a very important part of the computing expertise. 1962 saw the creation of the first computer game, which was created by Steve Russel and MIT, which was dubbed Spacewar.The mouse, among the most basic components of modern computers, was created in 1964 by Douglass Engelbart. It obtained its name in the”tail” leading from the device.One of the most important aspects of computers today was invented in 1969. ARPA net was the original Internet, which provided the basis for the Internet that we know today. This development would bring about the growth of knowledge and business across the whole planet.It was only in 1970 that Intel entered the scene with the first dynamic RAM chip, which resulted in an explosion of computer science innovation.On the heels of the RAM chip was the first microprocessor, which was also designed by Intel. Both of these components, in addition to the chip developed in 1958, would number among the core components of modern computers.A year after, the floppy disk was created, gaining its name from the flexibility of the storage device. This is the very first step in allowing most people to transfer bits of data between unconnected computers.The first networking card was created in 1973, allowing data transfer between connected computers. This is similar to the Internet, but allows for the computers to connect without use of the Net.The next 3 years were very important for computers. That is when companies began to develop systems for the average consumer. Though expensive, these machines started the trend for computers within common households.One of the most important breathroughs in computer software occurred in 1978 with the release of the VisiCalc Spreadsheet program. All development costs were paid for within a two week period of time, making this one of the most successful programs in history.1979 was perhaps one of the most important years for the home computer user. That is the year that WordStar, the first word processing program, premiered to the public available. This drastically altered the usefulness of computers for the everyday user.The IBM Home computer quickly helped revolutionize the consumer market in 1981, as it was affordable for home owners and standard consumers. 1981 also saw the the mega-giant Microsoft enter the scene with the MS-DOS operating system. This operating system utterly changed computing forever, as it was easy enough for all to learn.6